What Is Prosthetics?
Dental prosthetics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth or aesthetically corrects the existing smile. Smile is an essential part of every individual through which we display our emotions, such as happiness, love and joy.
Nowadays, there are countless prosthetic possibilities. Prosthetic works can be fixed or mobile or made of a number of prosthetic materials.
Prosthetics and Prosthetic Solutions
Dental veneers represent the pinnacle of dental aesthetics. They are a prosthetic solution that corrects the shape or color of the teeth and are only 0.5 mm thick. Veneers represent a minimally invasive approach to the natural tooth and at the same time allow first-class aesthetics. The materials of which the veneers are made are mostly lithium disilicat ceramics and dental porcelain.
The first step in fabricating a veneer is a detailed analysis, dental photography, taking situational impressions, analyzing the results and the model obtained with both the laboratory and the patient. The next step is to file the model so that it has an approximate result we want to achieve in the patient's mouth. This step makes it possible to transfer all the data obtained from the photo and the wax-up to the natural teeth, which consequently allows targeted and minimally invasive preparation since it will be possible to remove only those parts of the tooth that are really necessary.
After tooth filing, the patient gets temporary teeth that represent the approximate result, protect the teeth until the permanent replacement is done and also allow us to determine the guidelines for making the permanent work. Temporary teeth are also the perfect communication material for expressing the patient's wishes that can be transformed into the permanent work.
Dental crowns are a prosthetic solution that surrounds the crown of a natural tooth and can be made of metal ceramics or certain types of non-metal ceramics. The crown is a prosthetic aid that can have a metal base – metal ceramic crown or non-metal crowns, zirconia based dental ceramics, lithium disilicate and dental porcelain.
Dental bridges allow the replacement of the lost tooth or teeth and are a more comfortable, better and longer-lasting solution than the mobile prosthetic replacement (dentures). For bridge making, two or more teeth are being filed (depending on the size without dental area) and then the bridge is cemented directly onto the natural teeth.
Dentures may be partial in the case when only a few teeth are missing (some natural teeth remain) or complete when all teeth are missing. Partial dentures can be acrylic or cast-metal with a metal framework onto which the teeth are placed.